Modelled reading (reading to or reading aloud) involves students listening to a text read aloud by the teacher.
The teacher models skilled reading behaviour, enjoyment and interest in a range of different styles of writing and types of text. It provides an opportunity for teachers to demonstrate their enjoyment in reading, and allows students to see a purpose in learning to read.
Blending and segmenting words
This modelled reading lesson will show students how to blend and segment CCVCC words during reading; manipulate more complex sounds in spoken words through knowledge of blending and segmenting sounds.
Mayo, M., & Ayliffe, A. (2010). Stomp, Dinosaur, Stomp! Sydney, NSW: Orchard Books.
- repetitive text, descriptive language, familiar rhythm throughout
- CCVCC words that can be blended and segmented
- rhyme, consonant blends and digraphs/trigraphs.
Links to the curriculum
We are learning about the blending and segmenting of words using finger spelling.
I can blend sounds together to make words from the story. I can segment words from the story into individual phonemes using my fingers to represent each sound.
As well as demonstrating fluent and expressive reading and reading comprehension, this practice is a useful way of modelling the decoding of words, by identifying simple and complex graphemes.
Role of the reader
Text Decoder/ Text User
- Clearly articulate the learning intention.
- When coming across a word we don't know, it is important to be able to recognise the different sounds then blend them together to read the word (this is sometimes called 'sounding out'). It is also important to be able to segment words we hear, or pull them apart, to help us write them.
- This book is called Stomp, Dinosaur, Stomp! Stomp is a good example of how we can segment words into sounds, (model using finger spelling so that the children view it moving from left to right) /s/, /t/, /o/, /m/, /p/.
- Begin reading the story. On page 2 highlight the examples of this pattern again with the words on the page. Say each sound then model blending.
- e.g. there are two words on this page that are also good examples of words we can sound out then blend to make the word - /s/, /m/, /a/, /ck/ = 'smack' and /s/, /w/, /i/, /sh/ = 'swish'
- Return to learning intention, continue reading through the story, highlight words that students can segment with you, note children who show sound-to-finger spelling correspondence, identify those who need support.
Going further - using words from the book to model writing on the board
Using grammar, syntax and visualisation to comprehend (Level 2 and 3)
This modelled reading lesson acknowledges the playful language the author uses to enhance the storyline and connect with the imagination of the reader.
Readers of this text are required to use their knowledge of grammar and syntax to bring meaning to the unusual or 'made up' words read in context. To further enhance understanding, the comprehension strategy of visualisation can be used to prompt discussion about the identified words.
Roald Dahl - The BFG
- Imaginative narrative, including plot, settings, characters (protagonists, antagonists)
- 'made up' words that mimic real words - snozzcumber, clockcoaches, disgustable, human beans, wigglis.
Links to the curriculum
Reading and Viewing
- Read familiar and some unfamiliar texts with phrasing and fluency by combining phonic, semantic, contextual and grammatical knowledge using text processing strategies, including monitoring meaning, predicting, rereading and self-correcting. For more information, see: Content description VCELY221
- Use comprehension strategies to build literal and inferred meaning and begin to analyse texts by drawing on growing knowledge of context, language and visual features and print and multimodal structures. For more information, see: Content description VCELY222
- Analyse how different texts use nouns to represent people, places, things and ideas in particular ways. For more information, see:
Content description VCELY223
Speaking and Listening
Understand the use of vocabulary about familiar and new topics and experiment with and begin to make conscious choices of vocabulary to suit audience and purpose. For more information, see:
Content description VCELA237
Manipulate more complex sounds in spoken words through knowledge of blending and segmenting sounds, phoneme deletion and substitution. For more information, see:
Content description VCELA238
Reading and Viewing
Read an increasing range of imaginative, informative and persuasive texts by combining phonic, semantic, contextual and grammatical knowledge, using text processing strategies, including confirming, rereading and cross-checking. For more information, see:
Content description VCELY256
Use comprehension strategies to build literal and inferred meaning and begin to evaluate texts by drawing on a growing knowledge of context, text structures and language features. For more information, see:
Content description VCELY257
We are learning to use our knowledge of grammar and syntax to bring meaning to unfamiliar words in context.
Can draw a picture about the 'made up' words based on my knowledge about how words work in a sentence and share my reasons with others.
Role of the reader
Text Decoder/ Text Participant.
- Clearly articulate the learning intention and success criteria.
- When reading, it is important to understand what we are reading about. Sometimes when reading we come across words we do not know the meaning of. When that happens we can use what we already know about words and sentences to help us. For fun today we are going to practise this strategy with the 'made up' words used by the author in The BFG by Roald Dahl. I am going to show you how to do this by thinking aloud as I read.
- After I have finished reading, I am going to ask you to draw a picture about one of the 'made up' words you heard today. Think carefully about what sort of word it could be and then what it might look like. You will share your pictures and talk about the reasons for drawing what you have.
- Select the relevant part of the text where the 'made up' words are found. Write the 'made up' words on the whiteboard so that all students can see them. Begin reading CHAPTER 8 - Snozzcumbers text to students (if selecting another section, ensure the selected part has relevant contextual cues to assist problem solving).
- Model the think aloud strategy as you come to the word snozzcumber. Point to it on the whiteboard.
- The BFG didn't want to eat humans so he ate a snozzcumber instead. I wonder what a snozzcumber is? I know the snozzcumber must be a noun because it is a thing he ate. Let me check. If I substitute another noun would this sentence make sense? (use an example).
- Now, I am going to look at the word. Is there part of the word that I recognise? Underline the 'cumber' part of the word. I know another word like this. This part of the word is in cucumber so maybe a snozzcumber is a kind of cucumber?
- This enables students to think about what they already know (background knowledge). I am going to try drawing a new type of cucumber and call it a snozzcumber. As the BFG is a giant I am going to make the shape of the snozzcumber quite large.
- Think about if there are any other words that sound familiar: repulsant - repulsive? Re-read the second and third pages of Chapter 8 - Snozzcumbers. (e.g. 'Here is the repulsant snozzcumber!' cried the BFG.) Is this just not very nice or completely horrible? What makes you think that?
- Continue reading. This time include the 'made up' word clockcoaches in the reading ("To me it is tasting of clockcoaches and slime-wanglers!"). If using another word, ensure the selected part has relevant contextual cues to assist problem solving.
- Pause at the end of the relevant section. Ask students to turn and talk to a partner about what they think a clockcoach is.
- Prompt them to think about where it appears in the sentence and what type of word it may be.
- Prompt students to look at the word and think of any part they recognise.
- Prompt students to visualise what the word might look like.
- Prompt students to draw their visualisation.
- Return to the success criteria. Ask students to share their drawings and articulate their reasons for their visual representations. Does their drawing acknowledge the grammar and syntactic clues in the text? Does their drawing make sense with the larger meaning of the text?