Learning foci (emergent literacy) Page Content Concepts of print Awareness of how print works, concepts of books, written language, and print, and how they function (including alphabet knowledge). Fine motorThe development of children’s large and small muscles for hands-on literacy experiences Phonological awarenessAwareness of syllables and sounds within words rhyme, alliteration, and sound (phoneme) awareness. PhonicsLearning about letter-sound relationships (graphemes) and using letter-sound knowledge to start to recognise or write some written words with support Making meaning and expressing ideasEmergent reading comprehension and written expression from mark making to message formation. Exploring and creating text Learning about how different kinds of texts work (e.g. stories, non-fiction texts, recipes, instructions) and how to use and create texts for different purposes.