Learning difficulties and dyslexia

​​Advice, guidelines and tools to help primary and secondary school teachers meet the unique needs of students with learning difficulties and dyslexia.

While many students learn to read at expected levels and rates of learning, some students do not make expected progress despite teaching that has assisted their peers. For these students to reach their potential, it is important that their individual learning needs in reading are identified and catered for.

The following practical assessments will assist in identifying the nature of a student's reading difficulty. The focused teaching strategies can be used to support and monitor a student's knowledge, learning and progress in reading.

Evidence base

The development of this resource was informed by the extensive research and expertise of Associate Professor Dr John Munro (The University of Melbourne). John's work in the area of reading difficulties and dyslexia is published nationally and internationally. He continues to work with students and school communities to develop and implement programs that assist students to improve their literacy knowledge and skills.

Additional resources

Understanding Learning Difficulties: A Practical Guide

In 2016, the Australian Government provided funding to ensure that all registered teachers in Australia have free online access to Understanding Learning Difficulties: A Practical Guide.

This guide, developed by the Australian Federation of SPELD Associations (AUSPELD), has been designed by experts to provide principals and teachers with greater awareness and understanding of the significant impact learning difficulties such as dyslexia can have on students.The guide also provides advice on a wide range of strategies for use in the classroom to more effectively support and meet the needs of students with learning difficulties.

Victorian Government teachers can access the guide from FUSE. For more information, see: Understanding learning difficulties: a practical guide

More information

Additional resources supporting teachers of students with reading difficulties and dyslexia:


We invite you to provide feedback on this online teaching resource. Comments and ideas can be submitted by email to Student Learning: studentlearning@edumail.vic.gov.au