The student population in Victorian government schools is diverse. In 2018:
- 32% of students from language backgrounds other than English (LBOTE)
- 12% of the student population are English as an Additional Language (EAL) learners.
For detailed data on students from language backgrounds other than English and EAL programs in Victorian government schools, see
EAL Index funding
Mainstream schools may get funding for EAL programs through the Student Resource Package (SRP).
Funding is allocated to schools to provide EAL programs based on the number of students who:
- come from a language background other than English
- speak a language other than English at home as their main language
- have been enrolled in an Australian school for less than five years
- attract Student Resource Package (SRP) funding.
Funding is based on data from the Language Background Other Than English Census collected from all government schools in August each year. See
EAL Funding Policy.
Schools must meet a funding threshold before receiving EAL Index funding. A weighted formula that reflects both the length of time in an Australian school and the stage of schooling is then applied to the students identified. See
EAL Index Funding (Level 1-5).
All schools receiving EAL Index funding are required to complete the EAL Survey as part of the annual mid-year supplementary census. The survey provides a profile of students and EAL programs operating in government schools in Victoria, including information on assessment using the EAL companion to the AusVELS. See
School Census Data.
Multicultural Education Aides (MEAs)
All schools reaching the funding thresholds for EAL Index funding have a funding component for employment of Multicultural Education Aides (MEAs). The MEA funding component is approximately 25 per cent of the EAL Index funding allocation.
Multicultural education aides assist with communication between the school and parents of students from language backgrounds other than English. They also assist students in the classroom or on a one-to-one basis. Information about MEAs in schools is published each year in the EAL report.
For more information, see:
EAL contingency funding
Schools that experience significant increases to their EAL student profile throughout the year may be eligible for student based funding. For more information, see EAL Contingency Funding.
Support and advice
For advice on how to support EAL students: