What Preps Learn

Main points:

  • The focus of your child's learning in the first year will be on reading, writing, spelling, maths and problem-solving.
  • Your child's teacher will be more than happy to answer any questions about what's coming up in your child’s learning.


During their first year of school children focus on reading, writing, spelling, maths and problem-solving. Preps are at a stage where they’re exploring the world around them, and developing physical, creative and technical skills.

To find out more about what's coming up in your child’s learning, ask your child's teacher. Some topics they may be learning about include:

  • English – developing a working understanding of how sounds are represented alphabetically; learning to read and write, drawing on their knowledge of the alphabet and its relationship with the sounds the letters and words make; and listening to and responding to a range of simple texts, including books read aloud, audio tapes and films.
  • Mathematics – counting; relating the items counted to the actual number (for example four children with blue tops); placing objects in order (such as first, second, third) and grouping them in sets (all round objects or red blocks together); using everyday objects to identify and describe points, lines, edges and surfaces; and comparing objects using terms such as longer, heavier, fuller and hotter.
  • Science – exploring things like day and night, the seasons, and living and non-living things; identifying and describing things that are similar, using things like size, shape, colour and weight.
  • Health and physical education – developing skills such as running, skipping, catching, throwing, kicking and balancing. Activities such as dance, gymnastics and games help children progressively gain control of their movements.
  • Interpersonal development – developing skills that let them work and play together in a group, including taking turns and sharing, as well as listening to others and beginning to understand how their actions affect others.
  • Civics and citizenship – learning about respect, concern for others, and being fair; recognising rules and why they are needed and comparing classroom and family rules with other rules, such as those used in games and sport.
  • The Arts – discussing the things they are creating and, with guidance, beginning to describe their own and others' work.
  • The Humanities – beginning to understand their local area by investigating the location, direction and distance of their home, school, local parks and shops to each other; as well as exploring how and why natural factors and human activities affect their lives.

To help support their learning, ask your child what they did in class today, and build this question into their routine – make it something that they expect and are happy to answer every day.

SchoolMate smartphone app

Want to find out more about what your child is learning at school in each subject at each year level? SchoolMate is an essential smartphone app for parents of school-aged children in Victoria, Australia.

See: SchoolMate

Related links

  • Learning at School – an overview of our teachers, the school curriculum and the six stages of learning.
  • Prep to Year 4 – where students are encouraged to make sense of the world around them through real-life experiences
  • Victorian Essential Leaning Standards Level 1 (Prep) – access to everything that will be taught during the first year of school.