Homework is an opportunity for you to help and be involved in your child’s learning. It reinforces what they learn at school and encourages them to maintain lifelong study habits.

Types of homework

The homework set for your child will vary depending on their age, the subject and the school’s approach to homework. The degree of difficulty and length of homework will also be set according to their age and ability.

Homework will become more challenging in secondary school, in particular during the final years.

Types of homework your child may receive include:

Practice exercises

Practice exercises give your child opportunities to apply new knowledge, or to review and reinforce recently learned skills. They include:

  • completing maths exercises
  • practising words or phrases learnt in a language other than English
  • reading
  • essay writing and other creative tasks
  • practising and playing musical instruments
  • practising physical education skills.

Preparatory homework

Preparatory homework gives your child the opportunity to gain background information so they are better prepared for future lessons. For example:

  • reading background material for history
  • reading English texts for class discussion
  • researching topics for class work
  • collecting newspaper articles
  • revising information about a current topic.

Extension assignments

Extension assignments encourage your child to pursue knowledge individually and imaginatively. For example:

  • writing a book review
  • making or designing an artwork
  • completing science investigation exercises
  • researching local news
  • finding material on the internet
  • monitoring advertising in a newspaper.

How you can help

There are many ways you can help your child with their homework including:

  • encouraging a regular daily time to complete homework
  • discussing key questions or suggesting resources to help with homework
  • helping create a balance between time spent doing homework and recreational activities or part-time employment
  • celebrating your child’s successes and achievements
  • attending school events, productions or displays your child is involved in
  • talking to teachers to discuss problems with homework.


SchoolMate is information for parents of school-aged children in Victoria. It breaks down what your child is learning at school in each subject and each year level, and suggests activities and reading that you can do at home to support your child's learning.

More information

For questions about your child’s homework, contact their school.

For information on resources used by teachers and to access a range of websites to help your child with their homework, see:

For more information on how else you can help your child at school, see: What my Child is Learning