Year 12 and Beyond

In Year 12, your child will apply the career management skills they have gained during their time at school to get ready for their future after school. This future could involve further study at a Vocational Education and Training (VET) provider or university, or getting an apprenticeship or traineeship. Some students may consider taking a gap year.

Some students in Year 12 may still be undecided about their future. This is normal. It is important that you encourage them to explore different opportunities to help them decide what they want to do.

With so many options available, you might like to consider the following when talking with your child about their next steps:

  • What do they think they might like to do next year?
  • Have they updated their Career Action Plan? Have they discussed this with their careers coordinator?
  • Have they thought about doing a course at a VET provider or university? Do they know how to apply?
  • Do they need an ATAR for the courses they’re interested in? What was the most recent ATAR for that course?
  • Are there extra requirements for the courses they’re interested in? For example, UMAT (Undergraduate Medicine and Health Sciences Admission Test) for medicine courses, portfolios for art and design courses or auditions for performing arts.
  • Do they know if there are pathways between VET and university for the kind of courses they're interested in?
  • Who can help them with this at school?
  • How can we research the courses that are available?
  • Are they thinking about taking a gap year? What are the advantages and disadvantages of this?
  • Do they understand what deferring tertiary studies means? What are the advantages and disadvantages of this? Have they investigated what it costs to study at a VET provider or university? Do they know where to find this information?
  • Are scholarships available for the courses they’re interested in? If so, how do they apply for these?
  • Are they thinking of getting a job or apprenticeship next year? Who can help them with their application? Do they have a plan B if their first choice doesn’t work out?
  • How far are they prepared to travel for study or work? Will they need to move out of home? How can they find accommodation? What are the likely costs involved?
  • What are the opportunities for work after graduating from university or VET?

You play an important role in preparing your child for their future career. Our online resource Engaging Parents in Career Conversations (EPiCC) helps school career practitioners encourage and empower you to get your child thinking and talking about subject choices, courses and career opportunities.

EPiCC covers the career development of children from Year 6 through to Year 12. EPiCC also brings together information on a broad range of options available to young people when they leave school.

For more information, see: Engaging Parents in Career Conversations

Taking part in an EPiCC workshop at your child’s school is a great way to learn more about how you can support your child on their career journey. Contact the career practitioner at your child’s school to find out more.

Helpful Resources

Career Action Plans

The Career Action Plan helps young people to develop their awareness and understanding of education, training and employment options, and to develop the skills, knowledge and capabilities to effectively manage their careers.

The Career Action Plan assists your child to set goals and develop actions to achieve those goals. The plan covers the three stages of career development: self-development, career exploration and career management. The school will provide activities to help students explore these stages.

Your child should be actively involved in developing their Career Action Plan. You can support them by showing interest, asking questions and helping them explore opportunities.

For more information, see Career Action Plans

Job Guide

The Job Guide is written and produced for secondary school students. This resource includes information on more than 500 occupations, contact details for training providers and job search information and advice. The Job Guide is available online. It’s a great place to learn about the skills and abilities needed for different occupations and the available training.

For more information, see: Job Guide


myfuture is Australia’s comprehensive online resource that you can use to:

  • talk to your child about careers
  • find how their interests and abilities can lead to a job
  • discover what they are really good at and explore their interests, skills and occupations
  • help your child choose courses and training options
  • help your child explore their options through interactive activities, such as Mini Career Explorer.

For more information, see: myfuture

myfuture has a new Assist Your Child feature for parents that gives you advice on how to:

  • talk to them about careers
  • help your child with courses and training
  • explore interests, skills and occupations
  • help with work experience and job applications.

For more information, see: Assist Others​

Career Bullseye posters

These posters help young people see how the subjects they study at school link to jobs, and indicate the level of education and training required. Occupation profiles include information such as duties and tasks, related courses, earnings and vacancies.

For more information, see: Career Bullseyes

Victorian Skills Gateway

The Victorian Skills Gateway is a one-stop shop for Victorian vocational education and training. It includes information about apprenticeships, traineeships and courses at Registered Training Organisations, including TAFE, Learn Local and private training providers. You can search for information about occupations, courses, training providers, video and written case studies.

The Victorian Skills Gateway includes a parents’ toolkit, which gives you information and advice on helping your child choose a career path.

For more information, see: Victorian Skills Gateway parent toolkit

Youth Central

Youth Central is a Victorian government online initiative for young Victorians, from 12 to 25 years of age, with information and advice about jobs, study, travel, money and events.

For more information, see: Youth Central

Victorian Tertiary Admissions Centre (VTAC)

The VTAC website provides information on applying for university or Vocational Education and Training (VET) courses in Victoria. This is a useful resource for learning about selection requirements for university, TAFE and Independent Colleges including prerequisite studies, selection criteria, special access schemes, scholarships, and information on the ATAR and how it is calculated. VTAC provides a resource for Year 10 students called VICTER (Victorian Tertiary Entrance Requirements) that outlines prerequisites for different courses.

For more information, see: Victorian Tertiary Admissions Centre

Where to Now?

Where to Now? is a guide for students on the options available to them in Year 11 and 12. This guide provides information about VCE and VCE VET studies, the VCAL and School Based Apprenticeships and Traineeships, and features the success stories of students who have completed their post-compulsory schooling.

For more information, see: Where to Now?

Study Assist

The Study Assist website provides information to parents and students about Australian government assistance for financing tertiary study.

For more information, see: Study Assist​