Year 10 to Senior School

When your child is in Year 10, they will begin to understand their individual characteristics better and will start to plan for their future. Students doing work experience start to understand what will be expected of them in the world of work. Your child will also start to make decisions about their senior school options.

You might like to talk with your child about some of these things:

  • What subjects are they enjoying in Year 10? Why? Are they interested in continuing these in Year 11? How will these subjects be different in Year 11?
  • Can they see themselves building a career in these subjects in the future? What kind of jobs are related to these subjects?
  • What will the demand for these jobs be in the future? The myfuture website and the Victorian Skills Gateway have information about the demand for different occupations.
  • Did they enjoy their work experience? What did they learn from it? Has it changed how they think about possible careers?
  • Do they understand the difference between VCE and VCAL? Who can they talk to at school to find out more?
  • Do they understand the difference between university and Vocational Education and Training (VET) providers?
  • What university and TAFE courses are they interested in at the end of Year 12?
  • Do they know if there are any prerequisite subjects for these courses?
  • Do they know if there are pathways from VET to university for these courses?
  • What skills and personal qualities will they need for the careers that they are interested in? Which subjects and courses will help them get those skills?

Here are some questions you might have for your school:

  • What is meant by the term ‘pathways’?
  • What options are available for your child in senior school? What is the difference between each of these? For example, VCAL, VCE, VET, School Based Apprenticeships and Traineeships
  • What will I learn about if I attend parent information presentations?
  • How can my child work out what subjects they should do?
  • How does VET contribute towards VCE and VCAL?
  • How does the ATAR work?
  • How does the school assist my child to make decisions about their future?
  • What are prerequisite studies? Why are they needed for a particular course? How can I find out more information about these studies?
  • How can my child get some experience in the workforce?
  • What if my child wants to leave school before finishing Year 12?
  • How can I support my child’s ambitions and engagement?How does the school help my child to develop their Career Action Plan?
  • When can I talk with the school and my child about their Career Action Plan?
  • What are the advantages/disadvantages of my child having a part-time or casual job?
  • Can my child enrol in a university study in Year 12? What are the advantages of doing this?

You play an important role in preparing your child for their future career. Our online resource Engaging Parents in Career Conversations (EPiCC) helps school career practitioners encourage and empower you to get your child thinking and talking about subject choices, courses and career opportunities.

EPiCC covers the career development of children from Year 6 through to Year 12. EPiCC also brings together information on a broad range of options available to young people when they leave school.

For more information, see: Engaging Parents in Career Conversations

Taking part in an EPiCC workshop at your child’s school is a great way to learn more about how you can support your child on their career journey. Contact the career practitioner at your child’s school to find out more.

Helpful Resources

Career Action Plans

The Career Action Plan helps young people to develop their awareness and understanding of education, training and employment options, and to develop the skills, knowledge and capabilities to effectively manage their careers.

The Career Action Plan assists your child to set goals and develop actions to achieve those goals. The plan covers the three stages of career development: self-development, career exploration and career management. The school will provide activities to help students explore these stages.

Your child should be actively involved in developing their Career Action Plan. You can support them by showing interest, asking questions and helping them explore opportunities.

For more information, see: Career Action Plans

Job Guide

The Job Guide is written and produced for secondary school students. This resource includes information on more than 500 occupations, contact details for training providers and job search information and advice. The Job Guide is available online. It’s a great place to learn about the skills and abilities needed for different occupations and the available training.

For more information, see: Job Guide


myfuture is Australia’s comprehensive online resource that you can use to:

  • talk to your child about careers
  • find how their interests and abilities can lead to a job
  • discover what they are really good at and explore their interests, skills and occupations
  • help your child choose courses and training options
  • help your child explore their options through interactive activities, such as Mini Career Explorer.

For more information, see: myfuture

myfuture has a new Assist Your Child feature for parents that gives you advice on how to:

  • talk to them about careers
  • help your child with courses and training
  • explore interests, skills and occupations
  • help with work experience and job applications.

For more information, see: Assist Others


Career Bullseye posters

These posters help young people see how the subjects they study at school link to jobs, and indicate the level of education and training required. Occupation profiles include information such as duties and tasks, related courses, earnings and vacancies.

For more information, see: Career bullseyes​

Victorian Skills Gateway

The Victorian Skills Gateway is a one-stop shop for Victorian vocational education and training. It includes information about apprenticeships, traineeships and courses at Registered Training Organisations, including TAFE, Learn Local and private training providers. You can search for information about occupations, courses, training providers, video and written case studies.

The Victorian Skills Gateway includes a parents’ toolkit, which gives you information and advice on helping your child choose a career path.

For more information, see: Victorian Skills Gateway parents' toolkit

Youth Central

Youth Central is a Victorian government online initiative for young Victorians, from 12 to 25 years of age, with information and advice about jobs, study, travel, money and events.

For more information, see: Youth Central

Victorian Tertiary Admissions Centre (VTAC)

The VTAC website provides information on applying for university or vocational education and training courses in Victoria. This is a useful resource for learning about selection requirements for university and registered training providers including prerequisite studies, selection criteria, special access schemes, scholarships, and information on the ATAR and how it is calculated. VTAC provides a resource for Year 10 students called VICTER (Victorian Tertiary Entrance Requirements) that outlines prerequisites for different courses.

For more information, see: Victorian Tertiary Admissions Centre

Where to Now?

Where to Now? is a guide for students on the options available to them in Year 11 and 12. This guide provides information about VCE and VCE VET studies, the VCAL and School Based Apprenticeships and Traineeships, and features the success stories of students who have completed their post-compulsory schooling.

For more information, see: Where to Now?

Study Assist

The Study Assist website provides information to parents and students about Australian government assistance for financing tertiary study.

For more information, see: Study Assist​​