Career Planning at School

Young people should start to think about and plan for their future while they’re at school. Schools offer many programs and people to help them with their career planning options. For information about support staff and programs in schools, see:

Who to talk to at school

The people who can help you and your child with career pathway planning and options at school include:

  • the school’s careers practitioner
  • the Managed Individual Pathways coordinator
  • the year level coordinator
  • the student wellbeing coordinator
  • other teachers at your child’s school.

Managed Individual Pathways (MIPs)

The MIPs program helps government school students 15 years and over through their final years of school and into further education, training or secure employment. Each student develops an individual Career Action Plan (pathway plan) and receives help to achieve their goals. Each school has a MIPs coordinator to assist students to develop and act on their plan.

MIPs helps young people to:

  • develop their knowledge and understanding of education, training and employment options
  • develop skills to manage their careers and pathways throughout their lives.

Additional support is provided to students at risk of disengaging or not making a successful transition to further education, training or secure employment.

The program also includes a follow-up with students who don’t complete Year 12 at the time of leaving and again within six months.

MIPs support is also available to people 15 to 19 years old who have not completed Year 12 and who are not in full-time employment through TAFE institutes and Learn Local programs.

For more information, see: Managed Individual Pathways

Senior secondary certificates

There are three senior secondary certificates, accredited by the Victorian Registration and Qualifications Authority (VRQA), for Victorian schools to prepare students for further study, training and entry to the workforce:

Vocational Education and Training (VET) programs

Students can undertake VET programs as part of their VCE or VCAL. These VET programs include VET in Schools, School Based Apprenticeships and Traineeships and pre-apprenticeships. They are designed to:

  • provide a vocational qualification as well as a senior secondary certificate
  • provide courses that are motivating and engaging
  • expand students’ opportunities and pathways
  • link schools to industry and training providers
  • help meet the needs of industry
  • prepare young people for the workplace of the future.

VET in Schools

VET in Schools provides a vocationally oriented program of studies leading to the VCE or the VCAL. It also offers credit towards a nationally recognised VET certificate.

For more information, see: VET in Schools

Pre-apprenticeship programs

Pre-apprenticeship programs provide a pathway to full-time apprenticeships in selected industries and are available to senior secondary school students.

For more information, see: Pre-apprenticeships

School Based Apprenticeships and Traineeships

School Based Apprenticeships and Traineeships are distinct pathways within Vocational Education and Training (VET) in Schools that combines part time employment, school and training.

For more information, see: School Based Apprenticeships

Workplace learning programs

Students can access a variety of workplace learning activities while they are still at school. This helps students develop a realistic understanding of work life. Workplace learning teaches students how to address employer expectations, develop employability skills and explore career options. Activities are designed to increase students’ self-understanding, maturity, independence and self-confidence.

Workplace learning is available at schools through work experience and structured workplace learning.

Work experience

Work experience is the short-term placement of secondary school students with ‘host’ employers, to provide insights into the industry and the work. Students are placed with employers primarily to observe and learn – not to undertake activities which need extensive training or experience.

For more information, see: Work Experience

Structured workplace learning

During structured workplace learning, students are expected to master a set of skills and competencies on the job as part of their VET course.

For more information, see: Structured Workplace Learning