From Term 1 2017, Victorian government and Catholic schools will use the new Victorian Curriculum F-10. Curriculum related information is currently being reviewed and may be subject to change.
For more information on the curriculum, see:
The Victorian Curriculum F–10 - VCAA
This page includes resources, strategies and supports for specific groups of students who have additional needs, or who may face particular barriers to engaging with school.
Team Around the Learner
Team Around the Learner (TAL) provides a framework for an individualised, holistic and team-based approach to support learners at risk of disengaging or who have disengaged from education and learning. Key people work together as a team, coordinate a plan to meet the needs of the learner and to support them to continue to engage in or re-engage in education and learning.
Team Around the Learner Aims to:
- provide effective and enhanced support to individuals who are vulnerable, have complex needs or who have experienced disengagement from their learning pathway
- reduce duplication and fragmentation in support to vulnerable children and young people and those with complex needs
- enable an effective and consistent model of practice within the broader departmental school-wide positive behaviour support framework
- promote a lead professional role to provide a seamless service to children and young people with complex needs through the ages and stages of learning and development.
Team Around the Learner key principles
- the learner and family are at the centre
- learners experience a coordinated and seamless service
- promotes positive engagement
- outcomes focused
- a collaborative and collective team effort.
Who is involved?
The team is made up of groups of people who are connected to the learner through natural, community and formal support relationships.
- team members may include the learner, education professionals, health professionals, community members, parents/caregivers, and external agencies involved in the life of the learner and family
- Lead Professional coordinates the efforts of the team and ensures that all team members are part of the solution
- the team meets regularly regarding the design, implementation and review of a coordinated plan put in place by the team to meet the individual needs of the learner and family.
When to use the Team Around the Learner approach
The Team Around the Learner approach can be adopted as early as needs are identified.
Although not all issues experienced by learners are problematic initially, it is beneficial to support the learner early to prevent such issues impacting on their learning.
Team Around the Learner recognises the need to support collaborative practice by ensuring high levels of transparency and documentation as the team utilises the Team Around the Learner approach. A number of resources are provided to support the implementation of the Team Around the Learner approach.
What is provided:
A series of 12 modules that schools can work through to enhance their understanding of the Team Around the Learner approach.
The following tools and templates are available to support the Team Around the Learner approach:
Students with disabilities and additional needs
Some students with disabilities and additional needs may experience difficulty navigating the social dynamics of the classroom, coping with frustration and embarrassment, or learning to self-regulate their behaviour. This may result in poor classroom behaviour and withdrawal from learning.
Identifying a student's underlying learning needs, providing tailored support and modifying the educational program should increase their engagement in learning and maximise opportunities for success.
The resources below are designed to assist schools, teachers effectively support students with disabilities:
Support for Children with Special Needs
Provides information on the Program for Students with Disabilities, and supplementary programs that support students with specific needs. For more information, see:
Victorian Deaf Education Institute
Provides information about improving educational outcomes for deaf and hard of hearing children and young people from birth to 18 years throughout Victoria. For more information, see:
Abilities Based Learning and Education Support (ABLES)
Provides teaching and learning resources to school leaders and teachers to support students with disabilities and additional needs. For more information, see:
Online training for special education needs
A suite of free online professional learning focusing on understanding, assessment and classroom support of students with disabilities and learning difficulties. Courses in Autism Spectrum Disorder, Dyslexia, Speech and Language, and Hearing Loss are available.For more information, see:
Language Support Program
Provides direct assistance to teachers in developing strong oral language competency in children and young people to maximise their learning potential. For more information, see:
Reading Difficulties and Dyslexia
Provides practical assessments that can be used to identify the nature of a student’s reading difficulty and develop focused strategies that can be used to support the student from the perspective of both parents and teachers. For more information, see:
Individual Learning Plans
An individual Learning Plan can be used as part of an Individual Education Plan to set annual, long and short-term educational goals for students with identified additional learning needs. For more information, see:
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Teachers need specific knowledge and strategies are required to effectively teach the curriculum in a way that also assists in managing the behaviours of the child with ADHD. Two fact sheets are available to download, see:
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students
Wannik, Learning Together, Journey to Our Future - An Education Strategy for Koorie Students (2008-2012) is the Victorian Government’s commitment to improving the educational outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and young people. The next phase of the Koorie education strategy for Victoria is currently in progress.
For more information on suspension and expulsion processes, fact sheet for parents and carers of Koorie children and young people has been developed, see:
The Department has a range of resources to support the particular learning and social needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students.
Koorie Education Workforces
Each departmental regional office has Koorie Education Coordinators (KECs) and Koorie Engagement Support Officers (KESOs) who can provide advice and assistance in supporting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students at school and through facilitating links to local and regional resources to support students, parents and schools. You can contact a KEC through your regional office for more information.
Individual Education Plan (IEP) and Koorie Education Learning Plan (KELP)
The IEP and KELP are tools for teachers, parents and students to work together to improve educational and learning outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students and focuses on the need for individual learning plans to be the shared responsibility of all stakeholders to foster a culture of high expectations for all Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students.
Students from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds
Some children who speak a language other than English as their main language at home will require additional support in learning English as a second or additional language. If they are enrolled in a government school they are eligible for English as an Additional Language programs (EAL).
EAL Levels 1-5 (Reference 26) funding is provided to schools with significant numbers of EAL students through the Student Resource Package (SRP). EAL funding is given to schools to staff EAL programs.
EAL Regional Program Officers
Schools have access to Regional EAL Program Officers in each of the four Department regional offices. Regional EAL program officers provide EAL program support and advice to schools and professional learning opportunities for teachers in government schools in the region. For more information:
EAL provision for New Arrivals
Children who have recently arrived in Australia may be eligible for additional support if they are enrolled in a government school, through the New Arrivals Program.
Accessing interpreting and translating services
Interpreting and translating services are also available free (within guidelines) to government schools.
The Department has a range of practical ways for teachers to support the English learning of EAL students.
Family trauma and violence
Family violence and trauma can have a significant impact on a young person’s behaviour and their capacity to recognise and regulate their emotions. The Department has a range of supports and resources available to support these students. In some cases, students experiencing family trauma and violence may transition into Out-of-Home-Care (OOHC) arrangements which can create significant attachment issues for some children and young people. See the support for OOHC students section below for specific supports for these situations.
A guide to working with traumatised children provides teachers and schools with effective relationship-based classroom and school-wide prevention and intervention practices for supporting the learning and wellbeing of children and young people.
Child Development and Trauma Specialist Practice Resource
A resource developed by the Department of Human Services. It aims to assist in understanding typical developmental pathways of children and recognise indicators of trauma at different ages and stages.
Child protection - mandatory reporting
Child abuse can have a significant effect on a child’s physical or emotional health, development and wellbeing. It is important that school staff are aware of the signs of child abuse and their mandatory reporting obligations under the Children, Youth and Families Act (2005).
To assist schools, the Department requires all staff to annually undertake a mandatory reporting eLearning module to ensure that training is consistent across all schools.
- to access the training, see:
- eLearn Username: deecd
- password: employee
Mental health issues can significantly impact on a young person’s behaviour and capacity to recognise and regulate emotions. When supporting a student with mental health concerns schools need to consider strategies such as flexible learning timetables, regular student support group meetings and Return to School plans if there are prolonged absences.
When dealing with students experiencing mental health issues schools should consider referring the student to one of the available school or network support services such as the school welfare coordinator or a relevant Student Support Services Officer.
Child and Youth Mental Health Services
Provides a specialist child and adolescent mental health services for children and adolescents up to the age of 18 years with serious emotional disturbance, including those young people who have been diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder.
Responding to attempted suicide or suicide of a student
The Department has developed Guidelines to assist in responding to attempted suicide or suicide by a student. For more information, including access to online professional learning in Psychological First Aid and Skills for Psychological Recovery, see:
Headspace School Support Program
Headspace School Support Program works closely with principals, school wellbeing staff, teachers, allied health professionals and other key stakeholders to appropriately plan for and respond to incidents of suicide or attempted suicide. Headspace School Support works alongside existing emergency management protocols to ensure the best possible outcomes for students.
Gender and sexually diverse students
All young people have a right to feel safe at school but many Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex (LGBTI) students have negative experiences in Australian schools. LGBTI young people experience high rates of bullying and the vast majority of this abuse occurs at school.
The Safe Schools program helps schools foster a safe environment that is supportive and inclusive of LGBTI students. Safe Schools is a formal and public commitment that schools make to create an inclusive and safe environment for their school community, including for LGBTI students, families and teachers. This commitment recognises that creating a safe and inclusive environment is key to tackling bullying, discrimination and harassment at schools, particularly arising from homophobia and transphobia.
Schools choose from a range of evidence-based and age-appropriate information, resources and professional learning to help them prevent, and respond to, bullying arising from homophobia or transphobia.
Students in Out-of-Home Care
Out-of-Home Care (OOHC) is a living arrangement for children and young people who cannot live in their family home. Up to 5000 Victorian children live in OOHC at any one time. These students have often come from violent or traumatic family environments and have specific educational and support needs.
Under the Out-of-Home Care Education Commitment, all schools (including Catholic and independent schools) must develop an Individual Education Plan and appoint a Learning Mentor, (supported by a Student Support Group), for every student who lives in OOHC.
For more information, resources and to access the Out-of-Home Care Education Commitment, see:
Children and young people affected by homelessness can find participation in education difficult and are at risk of falling behind their peers, under-achieving and leaving school early.
Supporting children, young people and their families affected by homelessness
Guidelines for Victorian schools is a resource for Victorian schools to help improve the wellbeing, educational experiences and outcomes of children and young people who are homeless or at risk of homelessness. To access the guidelines, see: