Continence Care

From Term 1 2017, Victorian government and Catholic schools will use the new Victorian Curriculum F-10. Curriculum related information is currently being reviewed and may be subject to change.

For more information on the curriculum, see:
The Victorian Curriculum F–10 - VCAA

​​Purpose of this policy

To enable students needing continence care to attend school.

Prerequisite policy


Schools must support students requiring continence care.

Note: This policy does not cover young children for whom continence care is routine related to their age and level of development.

Incontinence definition

Incontinence is the lack of control over bowel or bladder functions and can be caused by:

  • medical conditions such as:
    • gastroenteritis, causing short term incontinence
    • lack of bowel nerve function, causing long term incontinence
  • medical intervention, such as a side effect of medication
  • development delay or physical and intellectual disability
  • life experience such as behaviour associated with a history of abuse
  • lack of learning opportunity.


This table describes how schools should assist students who need continence care.

ActionSchools should
Request advice request the student’s medical/health practitioner completes a Personal Care Medical Advice Form – Continence including recommendations for:
  • the nature and extent of predictable routine or regular support required
  • management of unplanned events
  • catheter management, if required.
  • develop a Student Health Support Plan which details family and school staff roles and responsibilities
See: Health Care Needs within Related policies  
  • where appropriate use a Toileting Care and Learning Plan to involve students in step-by step toileting processes to:
    • self-manage toileting tasks, if possible
    • acknowledge learnings that occur
Provide equipment
  • provide equipment to support continence care, if required, such as hoists and slings.
See: Facilities within Related policies  

Related policies

Department resources